Fauna

The number of wildlife species calling the area around Siempre Verde home is vast. They include the following.

PLeoni_SV_01 cr.jpg

Mammals
Spectacled Bear
 Tremarctos ornatus
 "Oso andino"
  
Kinkajou
 Potos flavus
 
South American Coati
 Nasua nasua
 "Kuchumbe"
 
Long-tailed weasel
 Mustela frenata
 "Nutria"
 
Striped hog-nosed skunk
 Conepatus semistriatus
 "Sorro"
 
Puma or Mountain lion
 Felis concolor
 "Puma"
 
Oncilla
 Felis tigrina
 "Tigrillo"
 
Red brocket deer
 Mazama americana
 "Cabra"
 
Grass Mouse
 Akodon urichi
 "Raton"
 
Bats (unknown species)
 
Armadillo (unkown species)
 
Porcupine (unkown species) 
 "Eriso"
 
Paca (unknown species)
 "Guanta"
 
Black-rumped Agouti
 Dasyprocta prymnolapha
 "Cuyago"
 
Rabbit (unknown species)
 
Anderson's gray four-eyed opossum
 Philander andersoni
 "Raposa" (possible confusion w/ gray opposum)
 
Squirrel (unknown species)
 "Ardilla"

Birds
Turkey Vulture
 Cathartes aura
 "Gallinaso"
 
White Collared Swift
 Streptoprocne zonaris
 "Golondrina"
 
Grey Tinanous
 Tinamus tao
 
American Kestrel
 Falco sparverius
 "Kilico"
 
Sickle Winged Guan
 Chamaepetes g. goudotii
 "Pava"
 
Wattled Guan
 Aburria aburri
 
Band-tailed Pigeon
 Columba fasciata
 "Torcasa"
 
Red-billed Parrot
 Pionus sordidus
 "Loro"
 
Speckle-faced Parrot
 Pionus tumultuosus
 
Turquoise Jay
 Cyanolyca turcosa
 "Chiwaco azul"
 
Collared Jay
 Cyanolyca viridicyana
 
Green-fronted Lancebill H.
 Doryfera ludoviciae
 
Tawny-bellied Hermit
 Phaethornus syrmatophorus
 
Purple-throated Woodstar
 Philodice mitchellii
 
Speckled Hummingbird
 Adelomyia melanogenys
 "Kinde/Culibri"
 
Green Violetear
 Colibri thalassinus
 
Purple-bibbed Whitetip
 Urosticte benjamimi
 
Tourmaline Sunangel
 Heliangelus exortis
 
Amethyst-throated Sunangel
 Heliangelus amethysticollis
 
Collared Inca
 Coeligena torquata
 
Blue-tailed Trogan
 Trogan comptus
 "Wahalo"
 
Blue-crowned Trogan
 Trogan curucui
 
Masked Trogan
 Trogan personatus
 
White-faced Nunbird
 Hapaloptila castanea
 "Gateador"
 
Emerald Toucanet
 Aulacorhynchus prasines albivitta
 
Grey Breasted Mountain-Toucan
 Andigdna hypoglauca
 "Mara"
 
Plate-billed Mountain-Toucan
 Andigdna laninirostris
 
Toucan Barbet
 Semnornis ramphastinus
 "Venedero"
 
Crimson-mantled Woodpecker
 Piculus rivolii
 
Powerful Woodpecker
 Campephilus pollens
 '"Carpentero"
 
Strong-billed Woodcreeper
 Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus
 
Red-faced Spinetail
 Cranioleuca erythrops
  
Spotted Barbtail
 Premnoplex brunnescens 
 
Streaked Tuftedcheek
 Pseudocolaptes boissonneautii
  
Montane Folliage-gleaner
 Anabacerthia s. striaticollis
 
Ungulated Antpitta
 Grallaria squamigera
 
Andean Cock-of-the-Rock
 Rupicola peruviana aequatorialis
 "Gallo de peña"
 
Green-and-black Fruiteater
 Pipreola riefferii

White-banded Tyrannulet
 Mecocerculus stictopterus
  
Cinnamon Flycatcher
 Pyrrhomyias cinnamomea 
 
Sierran Elaenia
 Elaenia pallatangae 
 
Yellow-bellied Chat-Tyrant
 Ochthoeca diadema 
  
Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant
 Ochthoeca rufipectoralis 
 
Smoky Bush-Tyrant
 Myiotheretes fumigatus 
 
Blue-and-white Swallow
 Notiochelidon cyanoleuca 
 
Plain-tailed Wren
 Thryothorus euophrys
  
Grey-breasted Wood-wren
 Henicorhina leucophrys 
 
Great Thrush
 Turdus fuscater 
 
Velvet-fronted Grackle
 Lampropsar tanagrinus 
 
Shiny Cowbird
 Molothrus bonariensis 
 
Russet-crowned Warbler
 Basileuterus coronatus 
 
Black-crested Warbler
 Basileuterus nigrocristatus 
 
Slate-throated Redstart
 Myioborus miniatus 
 
Spectacled Redstart
 Myioborus melanocephalus 
 
Capped Conebill
 Conirostrum albifrons 
 
Black Flower-piercer
 Diglossa h. humeralis  
 
Masked Flower-piercer
 Diglossa cyanea 
 
Golden-naped Tananger
 Tangara ruficervix
 'Curillo/Tangara"
  
Flamed-faced Tananger
 Tangara parzudakii
  
Saffron-crowned Tananger
 Tangara xanchocephala 
 
Blue-and-black Tanager
 Tangara vassorii
  
Grass-green Tananger
 Chlorornis riefferii
 "Lorillo"
  
Hooded Mountain-tananger
 Buthraupis montana 
 
Blue-winged Mountain-tananger
 Anisognathus flavinucha 
 
Purplish-mantled Tananger
 Iridosornis porphyrocephala
  
Blue-capped Tananger
 Thraupis cyanocephala 
 
Red-hooded Tananger
 Piranga rubriceps 
 
Dusky-bellied Bush-tananger
 Chlorospingus semifuscus 
 
Orange-crowned Euphonias
 Euphonia saturata 
 
Ash-throated Bush-tananger
 Chlorospingus c. canigularis 
 
Short-billed Bush-tananger
 Chlorospingus parvirostris 
 
Slaty Brush-finch
 Atlapetes s. schistaceus 
 
Yellow Grosbeak
 Pheucticus chrysopeplus 
 
Rufus-collared Sparrow
 Zonotrichia capensis 
 
Slaty Brush-finch
 Atlapetes schistaceus 
 
Black-and-white Seedeater
 Sporophila luctuosa 
 
Collared Forest-Falcon
 Micrastor semitorquatus

From Bats to Bears

Bat Cleome_2 cr.jpg

Nathan Muchhala, a renowned bat researcher, visited Siempre Verde in November 2009. I contacted him for identification of a plant I thought was pollinated by bats. After seeing my photos, he was interested enough to take a look himself. After a week of mistnetting bats, they caught 48 individuals from nine species, one of which has yet to be identified. They also confirmed at least nine species of bat-pollinated flowers and took nectar and pollen samples for later analysis. Muchhala was searching for a specific bat species he identified for the first time ever in 2006. He didn’t find it on this trip, but found multiple flowers of a plant specifically pollinated by that species, so he is optimistic he will find it on his next visit. He wrote me, saying “[Siempre Verde] turns out to be a bit of a paradise for nectar bats,” with a “remarkably high density of bat-pollinated flowers.” This is not surprising because bats make up a very important part of the pollination ecology of high elevation cloudforests. This type of research provides so much insight into an otherwise under-appreciated forest inhabitant. 

Spectacled-Bear-01 cr.jpg

The Spectacled Bear (Tremarctos ornatus) is South America’s only bear species and one of the most important conservation symbols in the Andes. This small bear (avg. 300-400 lbs.) is a shy tree dweller and mostly vegetarian. But it is now threatened with extinction largely because like us, it loves corn, which makes for unfriendly relationships with local farmers. This summer we spotted two cubs in or near the reserve and found numerous signs of bears using the Arriba Trail. The Andean Bear Project operates out of the nearby town of Pucará and regularly tracks bears at Siempre Verde.

Alex Reynolds, Director