The number of wildlife species calling the area around Siempre Verde home is vast. They include the following.

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Spectacled Bear
 Tremarctos ornatus
 "Oso andino"
 Potos flavus
South American Coati
 Nasua nasua
Long-tailed weasel
 Mustela frenata
Striped hog-nosed skunk
 Conepatus semistriatus
Puma or Mountain lion
 Felis concolor
 Felis tigrina
Red brocket deer
 Mazama americana
Grass Mouse
 Akodon urichi
Bats (unknown species)
Armadillo (unkown species)
Porcupine (unkown species) 
Paca (unknown species)
Black-rumped Agouti
 Dasyprocta prymnolapha
Rabbit (unknown species)
Anderson's gray four-eyed opossum
 Philander andersoni
 "Raposa" (possible confusion w/ gray opposum)
Squirrel (unknown species)

Turkey Vulture
 Cathartes aura
White Collared Swift
 Streptoprocne zonaris
Grey Tinanous
 Tinamus tao
American Kestrel
 Falco sparverius
Sickle Winged Guan
 Chamaepetes g. goudotii
Wattled Guan
 Aburria aburri
Band-tailed Pigeon
 Columba fasciata
Red-billed Parrot
 Pionus sordidus
Speckle-faced Parrot
 Pionus tumultuosus
Turquoise Jay
 Cyanolyca turcosa
 "Chiwaco azul"
Collared Jay
 Cyanolyca viridicyana
Green-fronted Lancebill H.
 Doryfera ludoviciae
Tawny-bellied Hermit
 Phaethornus syrmatophorus
Purple-throated Woodstar
 Philodice mitchellii
Speckled Hummingbird
 Adelomyia melanogenys
Green Violetear
 Colibri thalassinus
Purple-bibbed Whitetip
 Urosticte benjamimi
Tourmaline Sunangel
 Heliangelus exortis
Amethyst-throated Sunangel
 Heliangelus amethysticollis
Collared Inca
 Coeligena torquata
Blue-tailed Trogan
 Trogan comptus
Blue-crowned Trogan
 Trogan curucui
Masked Trogan
 Trogan personatus
White-faced Nunbird
 Hapaloptila castanea
Emerald Toucanet
 Aulacorhynchus prasines albivitta
Grey Breasted Mountain-Toucan
 Andigdna hypoglauca
Plate-billed Mountain-Toucan
 Andigdna laninirostris
Toucan Barbet
 Semnornis ramphastinus
Crimson-mantled Woodpecker
 Piculus rivolii
Powerful Woodpecker
 Campephilus pollens
Strong-billed Woodcreeper
 Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus
Red-faced Spinetail
 Cranioleuca erythrops
Spotted Barbtail
 Premnoplex brunnescens 
Streaked Tuftedcheek
 Pseudocolaptes boissonneautii
Montane Folliage-gleaner
 Anabacerthia s. striaticollis
Ungulated Antpitta
 Grallaria squamigera
Andean Cock-of-the-Rock
 Rupicola peruviana aequatorialis
 "Gallo de peña"
Green-and-black Fruiteater
 Pipreola riefferii

White-banded Tyrannulet
 Mecocerculus stictopterus
Cinnamon Flycatcher
 Pyrrhomyias cinnamomea 
Sierran Elaenia
 Elaenia pallatangae 
Yellow-bellied Chat-Tyrant
 Ochthoeca diadema 
Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant
 Ochthoeca rufipectoralis 
Smoky Bush-Tyrant
 Myiotheretes fumigatus 
Blue-and-white Swallow
 Notiochelidon cyanoleuca 
Plain-tailed Wren
 Thryothorus euophrys
Grey-breasted Wood-wren
 Henicorhina leucophrys 
Great Thrush
 Turdus fuscater 
Velvet-fronted Grackle
 Lampropsar tanagrinus 
Shiny Cowbird
 Molothrus bonariensis 
Russet-crowned Warbler
 Basileuterus coronatus 
Black-crested Warbler
 Basileuterus nigrocristatus 
Slate-throated Redstart
 Myioborus miniatus 
Spectacled Redstart
 Myioborus melanocephalus 
Capped Conebill
 Conirostrum albifrons 
Black Flower-piercer
 Diglossa h. humeralis  
Masked Flower-piercer
 Diglossa cyanea 
Golden-naped Tananger
 Tangara ruficervix
Flamed-faced Tananger
 Tangara parzudakii
Saffron-crowned Tananger
 Tangara xanchocephala 
Blue-and-black Tanager
 Tangara vassorii
Grass-green Tananger
 Chlorornis riefferii
Hooded Mountain-tananger
 Buthraupis montana 
Blue-winged Mountain-tananger
 Anisognathus flavinucha 
Purplish-mantled Tananger
 Iridosornis porphyrocephala
Blue-capped Tananger
 Thraupis cyanocephala 
Red-hooded Tananger
 Piranga rubriceps 
Dusky-bellied Bush-tananger
 Chlorospingus semifuscus 
Orange-crowned Euphonias
 Euphonia saturata 
Ash-throated Bush-tananger
 Chlorospingus c. canigularis 
Short-billed Bush-tananger
 Chlorospingus parvirostris 
Slaty Brush-finch
 Atlapetes s. schistaceus 
Yellow Grosbeak
 Pheucticus chrysopeplus 
Rufus-collared Sparrow
 Zonotrichia capensis 
Slaty Brush-finch
 Atlapetes schistaceus 
Black-and-white Seedeater
 Sporophila luctuosa 
Collared Forest-Falcon
 Micrastor semitorquatus

From Bats to Bears

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Nathan Muchhala, a renowned bat researcher, visited Siempre Verde in November 2009. I contacted him for identification of a plant I thought was pollinated by bats. After seeing my photos, he was interested enough to take a look himself. After a week of mistnetting bats, they caught 48 individuals from nine species, one of which has yet to be identified. They also confirmed at least nine species of bat-pollinated flowers and took nectar and pollen samples for later analysis. Muchhala was searching for a specific bat species he identified for the first time ever in 2006. He didn’t find it on this trip, but found multiple flowers of a plant specifically pollinated by that species, so he is optimistic he will find it on his next visit. He wrote me, saying “[Siempre Verde] turns out to be a bit of a paradise for nectar bats,” with a “remarkably high density of bat-pollinated flowers.” This is not surprising because bats make up a very important part of the pollination ecology of high elevation cloudforests. This type of research provides so much insight into an otherwise under-appreciated forest inhabitant. 

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The Spectacled Bear (Tremarctos ornatus) is South America’s only bear species and one of the most important conservation symbols in the Andes. This small bear (avg. 300-400 lbs.) is a shy tree dweller and mostly vegetarian. But it is now threatened with extinction largely because like us, it loves corn, which makes for unfriendly relationships with local farmers. This summer we spotted two cubs in or near the reserve and found numerous signs of bears using the Arriba Trail. The Andean Bear Project operates out of the nearby town of Pucará and regularly tracks bears at Siempre Verde.

Alex Reynolds, Director